Health and Safety – General Policy

At Little Rascals Daycare we provide and maintain safe and healthy working conditions, equipment and systems of work for all our employees and a safe early learning environment in which children learn and are cared for. To develop and promote a strong health and safety culture within the nursery for the benefit of all staff, children and parents, we provide information, training and supervision. The allocation of duties for safety matters and the particular arrangements which we will make to implement our health and safety procedures are set out within this policy and we make sufficient resources available to provide a safe environment.

Legal framework We follow all relevant legislation and associated guidance relating to health and safety within the nursery including:

● The requirements of the Statutory Framework for the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) 2017

● The regulations of the Health & Safety at Work Act 1974 and any other relevant legislation such as Control Of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulation (COSHH)

● Any guidance provided by Public Health England, the local health protection unit, the local authority environmental health department, fire authority or the Health and Safety Executive.

Aims and objectives The aim of this policy statement is to ensure that all reasonably practical steps are taken to ensure the health, safety and welfare of all persons using the premises.

To achieve this we will actively work towards the following objectives:

● Establish and maintain a safe and healthy environment throughout the nursery including outdoor spaces

● Establish and maintain safe working practices amongst staff and children

● Make arrangements for ensuring safety and the minimising of risks to health in connection with the use, handling, storage and transport of hazardous articles and substances

● Ensure the provision of sufficient information, instruction and supervision to enable all people working in or using the nursery to avoid hazards and contribute positively to their own health and safety and to ensure that staff have access to regular health and safety training

● Maintain a healthy and safe nursery with safe entry and exit routes

● Formulate effective procedures for use in case of fire and other emergencies and for evacuating the nursery premises. Practice this procedure on a regular basis to enable the safe and speedy evacuation of the nursery

● Maintain a safe working environment for pregnant workers or for workers who have recently given birth, including undertaking appropriate risk assessments

● Maintain a safe environment for those with special educational needs and disabilities and ensure all areas of the nursery are accessible (wherever practicable)

● Provide a safe environment for students or trainees to learn in

● Encourage all staff, visitors and parents to report any unsafe working practices or areas to ensure immediate response by the management.

We believe the risks in the nursery environment are low and we will maintain the maximum protection for children, staff and parents. The nursery will:

● Ensure all entrances and exits from the building, including fire exits are clearly identifiable and remain clear at all times

● Regularly check the premises room by room for structural defects, worn fixtures and fittings or electrical equipment and take the necessary remedial action

● Ensure that all staff, visitors, parents and children are aware of the fire procedures and regular fire drills are carried out

● Have the appropriate fire detection and control equipment which is checked regularly to make sure it is in working order

● Ensure that all members of staff are aware of the procedure to follow in case of accidents for staff, visitors and children

● Ensure that all members of staff take all reasonable action to control the spread of infectious diseases and wear protective gloves and clothing where appropriate

● Ensure there are suitable hygienic changing facilities (see infection control policy)

● Prohibit smoking on the nursery premises

● Encourage children to manage risks safely and prohibit running inside the premises unless in designated areas

● Risk assess all electrical sockets and take appropriate measures to reduce risks where necessary and ensure no trailing wires are left around the nursery

● Ensure all cleaning materials are placed out of the reach of children and kept in their original containers

● Prohibit certain foods that may relate to children’s allergies,

● We follow the EU Food Information for Food Consumers Regulations (EU FIC). These rules are enforced in the UK by the Food Information Regulations 2014 (FIR). We identify the 14 allergens listed by EU Law that we use as ingredients in any of the dishes we provide to children and ensure that all parents are informed ( Listed in main kitchen area)

● Follow the allergies and allergic reactions policy for children who have allergies

● Ensure risk assessments are undertaken on the storage and preparation of food produce within the nursery

● Familiarise all staff and visitors with the position of the first aid boxes

● Provide appropriately stocked first aid boxes and check their contents regularly

● Ensure children are supervised at all times

● Ensure no student or volunteer is left unsupervised at any time

● Ensure staff paediatric first aid certificates are made available to parents upon request.

Whenever a member of staff notices a health or safety problem which they are not able to rectify, they must immediately report it to the appropriate person named above. Parents and visitors are requested to report any concerns they may have to the manager.

Daily contact and termly staff meetings provide consultation between management and employees. This will include health and safety matters.

Health and safety is covered in all induction for new staff.

Health and safety arrangements

● All staff are responsible for general health and safety in the nursery

● Risk assessments will be conducted on all areas of the nursery, including rooms, activities, outdoor areas, resources and cleaning equipment

● These are reviewed at regular intervals and when arrangements change

● All outings away from the nursery (however short) will include a prior risk assessment – more details are included in our outings policy

● All equipment, rooms and outdoor areas will be checked thoroughly by staff before children access them or the area. These checks will be recorded and initialled by the staff responsible. Unsafe areas will be made safe/removed from the area by this member of staff to promote the safety of children. If this cannot be achieved the manager will be notified immediately

● We provide appropriate facilities for all children, staff, parents and visitors to receive a warm welcome and provide for their basic care needs, e.g. easy to access toilet area and fresh drinking water

● The nursery will adhere to the Control Of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulation (COSHH) to ensure all children, staff, parents and visitors are safe in relation to any chemicals we may use on the premises

● All staff and students will receive appropriate training in all areas of health and safety which will include risk assessments, manual handling and fire safety. We may also use benefit risk assessments for particular activities and resources for children

● We have a clear accident and first aid policy to follow in the case of any person in the nursery suffering injury from an accident or incident

● We have a clear fire safety policy and procedure which supports the prevention of fire and the safe evacuation of all persons in the nursery. This is to be shared with all staff, students, parents and visitors to the nursery

● We review accident and incident records to identify any patterns/hazardous areas

● All health and safety matters are reviewed informally on an ongoing basis and formally every six months or when something changes. Staff and parents will receive these updates, as with all policy changes, as and when they happen

● Staff and parents are able to contribute to any policy through the suggestion scheme and during informal discussion held at nursery.

The policy is kept up to date and reviewed annually, or as and when required. We therefore welcome any useful comments from members of staff, parents and visitors regarding this policy.


Behaviour policy

All children and adults are treated with equal concern and are made to feel welcome in our setting. We aim to offer a quality childcare service for parents and children. We recognise the need to set out reasonable and appropriate limits to help manage the behaviour of children in our care. By providing a happy, safe environment, the children in our care will be encouraged to develop social skills to help them be accepted and welcome in society as they grow up. We do not, and will not, administer physical or any other form of punishment with the intention of causing pain or discomfort, nor any kind of humiliating or hurtful treatment to any child in our care. We endorse positive discipline as a more effective way of setting boundaries for children.

Procedure

We keep up to date with behaviour management issues and relevant legislation by taking regular training and by reading relevant publications, such as: Nursery World or CCC bulletins and changes to Ofsted legislations. All parents have a copy of our Behaviour Policy.

We agree methods to manage children’s behaviour with parents before the placement starts. These are discussed with parents during initial visits before the contract is signed to ensure appropriate care can be provided. Wherever possible we try to meet parents’ requests for the care of their children according to their values and practices. Records of these requirements are agreed and kept attached to the child record forms. These records are revisited and updated during regular reviews with parents. We expect parents to inform us of any changes in the child’s home circumstances, care arrangements or any other change which may affect the child’s behaviour such as a new baby, parents’ separation, divorce, new partner or any bereavement. All information shared will be kept confidential unless there appears to be a child protection issue. We offer regular review meetings with parents to discuss their child’s care and any issues or concerns. If we do not share the same first language as the child’s parent, I will find a way of communicating effectively with them. This may include seeking guidance from the local early years team. We work together with parents to make sure there is consistency in the way the children are cared for. A consistent approach benefits the child’s welfare and helps ensure that the child is not confused. We would only physically intervene, and possibly restrain, a child to prevent an accident, such as a child running into the road, or to prevent an injury or damage. All significant incidents are recorded in an incident book and will be shared and discussed with the parents of the child concerned so that together we can work to resolve any behavioural issues. From time to time children will have difficulty learning to deal with their emotions and feelings and this is a normal part of child development. We will acknowledge these feelings and try to help children to find constructive solutions in liaison with their parents.

Distracting and re-directing children’s activities are used as a way of discouraging unwanted behaviour. We encourage responsibility by talking to children about choices and their possible consequences. We aim to be firm and consistent so that children know and feel secure within the boundaries set. We will respond positively to children who constantly seek attention or are disruptive. We will help children maintain their self-esteem by showing disapproval of their bad behaviour not the child themselves. If we have concerns about a child’s behaviour which are not being resolved, we will ask for permission from the parents to talk it through with another childcare professional. We may contact the National Childminding Association, the NSPCC, health visitor or the local early years team for confidential advice. Concerns that could identify a particular child are kept confidential and only shared with people who need to know this information.

Positive discipline means:

· Rewarding good behaviour. Because rewards are constructive, they encourage further effort. Punishment is destructive – it humiliates children and makes them feel powerless.

· Encouraging self-discipline and respect for others. Because children need to grow into people who behave well even when there’s no one to tell them what to do.

· Setting realistic limits according to age and stage of development. Because as children grow and develop our expectations of them change.

· Setting a good example. Because young children take more notice than we might think of how we behave and what we say.

· Encouragement, not orders and instructions. Because “Do as you’re told” teaches nothing for next time. Positive discipline involves explaining why.

· Being consistent – saying no and meaning no. Because children need to know where they stand and it helps if they know that we mean what we say.

· Praise, appreciation and attention. Because when children are used to getting attention with good behaviour, they won't seek it by misbehaving.

· Building children's self-esteem. Shaming, scolding, hurting and humiliating children can lead to even worse behaviour. Attention, approval and praise can build self-esteem and a child who feels valued is more likely to behave well.

We encourage appropriate behaviour by:

· Setting a good example, I aim to be a positive role model as children copy what they see. Children learn values and behaviour from adults.

· We readily praise, approve and reward wanted behaviour, such as sharing, to encourage it to be repeated. Using praise helps to show that we value the child and it helps to build their self-esteem.

· We praise children to their parents and other people when they have behaved as expected.

· We try to be consistent when saying “no” and explain reasons why it is not appropriate and considered unwanted behaviour.

· Our expectations are flexible and realistic and are adjusted to the age, level of understanding, maturity and stage of development of the child.

Children are guided away from doing things which:

· are dangerous or hurtful or offensive to someone else

· are dangerous to the child

· will make the child unwelcome or unacceptable to other people

· damage other people’s property.


Child protection policy statement

Our first responsibility and priority is towards the children in our care. It is our responsibility under the Safeguarding Vulnerable Groups Act 2006 to safeguard children within our care. With reference to the ‘Working together’ document, If we have any cause for concern we will report it, following the Local Safeguarding Children Board procedures. The relevant local procedures that are held by Little Rascals are available on request. We understand that child abuse can be physical, sexual, emotional and neglectful, or a mixture of these. We must notify Ofsted of any allegations of abuse by a staff member that are alleged to have taken place while the child is in our care.

Procedure- We consult CSCB updates and CCC and Ofsted legislations. This helps us to be aware of the signs of abuse or neglect and what to do if we have a concern.

We have copies of, and are familiar with, the Local Safeguarding Children Board procedures. We regularly check that we have the latest version of the relevant procedures (or any documents that may replace them in the future). If we are concerned about a child’s welfare, we will contact the local authority: Cumbria Safeguarding Hub team 03332401727. The Local Authority Designated Officer (LADO) will be contacted with 1 day of any allegations made against a staff member 01768 812267 and to Ofsted with 14 days. You can read more on the LADO role at www.cumbriasafeguardingchildren.co.uk

Child protection concerns that could identify a particular child are kept confidential and only shared with people who need to know this information.

Parents must notify us of any concerns they have about their child and any accidents, incidents or injuries affecting the child, which will be recorded.

We work together with parents to make sure the care of their child is consistent – please refer to our Working with Parents policy.

If we notice:

• significant changes in children’s behaviour

• unexpected bruising or marks or signs of possible abuse

• any comments made which give me cause for concern

• deterioration in general wellbeing which causes concern

• signs of neglect

We will implement the Local Safeguarding Children Board procedures without delay to minimise any risk to the child. I will call the local social services’ duty desk immediately, if it is known that a child is at risk of harm. We will follow it up with a letter within 48 hours. We will keep a factual record of the concern and will ask the parents for an explanation, providing it would not put the child at risk.

If a child tells any of the practitioners at Little Rascals that they or another child is being abused, we will:

• show that we have heard what they are saying, and that we take their allegations seriously

• encourage the child to talk, but we will not prompt them or ask them leading questions. We will not interrupt when a child is recalling significant events and will not make a child repeat their account

• explain what actions we must take, in a way that is appropriate to the age and understanding of the child

• write down what we have been told using exact words where possible

• make a note of the date, time, place and people who were present at the discussion

• then report any concerns immediately to the duty social worker who has the experience and responsibility to make an assessment of the situation.

In all instances we will record:

• the child’s full name and address

• the date and time of the record

• factual details of the concern, for example bruising, what the child said, who was present

• details of any previous concerns

• details of any explanations from the parents

• any action taken such as speaking to parents.

It is not our responsibility to attempt to investigate the situation.

Special Educational Needs Policy

We will ensure that we have an up to date copy of the Code of Practice and we will make this document available to parents if required.

We will work closely with parents to listen to their views so as to build on children’s previous experiences, knowledge, understanding and skills and provide opportunities to develop in the seven areas of learning:

• Personal, Social & Emotional

• Communication, Language

• Physical Development

• Literacy

• Mathematics

• Understanding the World

• Expressive Arts and Design

We will observe and monitor individual children’s progress throughout the Foundation Stage and where a child appears not to be making progress either generally or in a specific aspect of learning we will present them with different opportunities or use alternative ways of learning.

If we identify that a child has special educational needs then we will use the graduated approach as described in the SEN Code of Practice (Early Years Action & Early Years Action Plus). Referring to the DDA 2010 for inclusive practise guidance.

We will discuss our observations and any proposed plans with the parents of the child in a way that encourages them to contribute their knowledge and understanding of their child and allows them to raise any concerns that they may have about their child’s needs and the provision that is being made for them. We will, with parents’ permission, use Individual Education Plans. These will record information about the short term targets set for the child, the teaching strategies and the provision to be put in place, when the plan will be reviewed and the outcome of the action taken. We will continually review the IEPs and seek the parents’ views on the child’s progress. We will seek support from the Network Co-ordinator and the Area Special Educational Needs Co-ordinator. We will continue to develop our knowledge of special educational needs by attending training where possible and by reading literature provided by the Co-ordinators.


Child Absence Policy and Procedure

In line with guidance from Cumbria County Council the following procedures will take place when a child’s absent without notice

• Notify your child’s key worker or Manager in advance if your child is to have a planned absence from Nursery

• Notify Nursery on the first morning of an unexpected absence that your child is to be off by telephoning 015394 44618 (please leave a message on the answer-machine if necessary)

• Please keep Nursery staff informed if your child is to have a prolonged absence as they like to know how your child is doing

• If Nursery staff members have not heard from you, the member of staff who has taken the register or the Manager will contact you by telephone immediately after registration as per the Emergency Contact numbers you have given. If staff members are unable to contact you, they will move onto the other Emergency Contacts as a matter of course. You should advise your child’s other Emergency Contacts of this procedure. A record of staff actions will be logged in the Register sequentially

• In the event that staff members are unable to establish a child’s whereabouts despite their best endeavors, the Child Protection Policy will be implemented by the Nursery Manager and a Referral will be made within one week of the first date of absence. These follow-up actions will be recorded as per the Child Protection Policy

Please help us in implementing this procedure which is designed to protect children in emergency situations. Please also note that it is your responsibility to ensure that Emergency Contact numbers are up-to-date. Whilst attendance at Nursery is not a statutory requirement, informing staff of your child’s absences will be very helpful to the smooth running of the Nursery and to effective forward planning for the children’s activities. It will also be good practice for school, where similar procedures are required.


Whistleblowing Policy

Employees are often the first to realise that there may be something seriously wrong within their setting. However, they may not express their growing concerns because they feel that speaking up would be disloyal to their colleagues. They may also fear harassment or victimisation. In these circumstances, it may be easier to ignore the concern rather than report what may be just suspicion of malpractice and wrongdoing at work. Little Rascals is committed to the highest possible standards of openness, probity and accountability. In line with this commitment, we encourage employees and others with genuine concerns about any person linked with the setting and/or others (e.g. Parents/Carers) to come forward and voice those concerns. This policy makes it clear that employees, Parents/Carers and others can do so without fear or reprisals. The Whistleblowing Policy is intended to encourage and enable employees and others to raise such concerns within Little Rascals rather than overlooking the problem. The procedure allows employees, Parents/Carers and outside agencies to raise concerns about the Management/Staff of Little Rascals. This policy aims to: Provide avenues for you to raise genuine concerns and receive feedback on any action taken; Allowing you to take the matter further if you are dissatisfied with the outcome or response; Reassure you that steps will be taken to protect you from reprisals or victimisation for whistleblowing in good faith. There are existing procedures in place to enable you to lodge a grievance relating to staff’s own employment, Parent/Carer concerns or complaints, and issues raised by outside agencies. This Whistleblowing policy is intended to cover genuine concerns that fall outside the scope of other procedures. The procedure will be communicated to all employees as well as Parents/Carers, Students and others. The local authority designated officer (LADO) should be contacted if there are any concerns regarding a staff member at Little Rascals. 


E-Safety Policy

Here at Little Rascals we understand that safe-guarding children, whilst using ict equipment, is most important. For that reason children do not have access to the internet. All educational games are age appropriate and do not require the internet to operate. Wifi is disabled off all Ipads with exception of the staff ipad which is used for observations requiring internet connection. This ipad may also be used for researching resources off suitable sites. Staff, are aware that all history is monitored for inappropriate material at action will be taken if this is discovered. After careful research Ittle Rascals created a safe Facebook closed group page to give parents access to photos taken with in the day. Permission is sought for these photos to be displayed. It is important to keep children safe on social media but here at Little Rascals we recognise social media helps to keep parents up todate.